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11:56Russia overcome through East West
Russia to the East in recent days has been demonstrated in two symbolic
actions - Vladimir Putin's presence at the parade in Beijing, and his
performance on the Eastern economic forum in Vladivostok.
Russia set itself a priority for development of the Far East and its
integration in the Pacific region - a key place of the XXI century. |
Trips to Beijing and Vladivostok coincided not by chance - on the celebration of the 70th anniversary of Victory in China has long been known, and a few days after, in May in the Moscow celebrations, Putin finally confirmed Xi its presence in the parade, it was signed and the presidential decree the establishment of the Eastern Economic Forum. His conduct in Vladivostok will be annual - but first cooked, of course, with special attention. Especially since there are Presidential status only one economic forum in the country - St. Petersburg. Putin flew from Beijing to Vladivostok, which in itself was symbolic.
"Everyone understands that the Far East - it's one of the last in the world Klondike"
The leader of our country did not come up to the rostrum at Tiananmen Square in 1959 - when China held the 11th military parade. Now, on the 15th parade, the head of Russia again standing next to President of China - which has demonstrated to the world the new version of the alliance between the two countries.
If the geo-political cooperation between Russia and China is manifested in various aspects - from diplomatic to military, from the world of finance to the security - the economic co-operation, although it is a part, it has a self-sufficient value. When people talk about cooperation with China, the main focus is on the delivery of our raw materials - oil and gas - or weapons to China. But the key factor of our cooperation is in fact our neighborhood - and we just border on the Far East.
Of the four thousand kilometers of Russian-Chinese border accounts for three-quarters of the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District. That is a rapprochement with China is not just can not pass by our Far East - it should be based on it.
The benefits are mutual - Russian talks on the sale of land to the Chinese (and Koreans, Japanese), and that we will lose the Far East, should be attributed to the horror stories that are under a purely propagandistic justification: to disrupt cooperation with our Asian neighbors. Lose the Far East, we can only in one case - if our country is weak or selling power, which will not control the migration process and will allow foreign businesses undivided host on our territory. But if we are talking about strategic thinking power, it is in any case will be to develop the Far East, along with its neighbors - of course, at the same time protecting the public and the national interest.
The need for the development of the Far East of Russia was realized in all the century and a half that have passed since the completion of the accession process in the region to our country. Since then there have been two great approach to the Pacific, the first - at the turn of 19-20 centuries, the second - in the Soviet years, especially during the 40-70-ies. But in those years, the Far East developed exclusively as a continuation of Russian, European and Siberian - to create an infrastructure that connects it to the central part of the country, built the BAM, military factories, developed minerals.
Moscow has always understood the huge military-strategic importance of the region - but before they themselves regard the Soviet Union into the world economy and the development of the Pacific region were not as ambitious as it is now. Today, the Pacific region has become not only the world's fastest growing, but also the largest in terms of economy. Even if you do not take it occupying the eastern part of the United States, Canada and Mexico, to the west of the Pacific Ocean located economically powerful countries - and only directly at our borders are China, Japan and South Korea.
Minister for Development of the Far East Alexander Galushko reminded the other day that the Far Eastern Federal District GDP of less than 100 billion dollars, while China - 18, Japan - 5, and South Korea - 1.5 trillion. He added, imports should become our exports. It is clear that the development of the region must be ourselves, and we need to come primarily from their own ideas and opportunities - but foolish not to use the huge resources, primarily financial and trade, which are located near our borders.
But to invest in development of Russian regions in any case - it is the same Putin spoke constantly in recent years. And, speaking in Vladivostok, he listed some of the major projects, calling them national, and even global:
"This launch oil pipeline" Eastern Siberia - Pacific Ocean ";
the opening of the Federal University in Vladivostok, which has become an important scientific and educational center in the Asia-Pacific region.
This construction of the pipeline "Power of Siberia";
completing the construction of the cosmodrome East;
modernization of BAM, the Trans-development of the shelf of Sakhalin, Magadan, Kamchatka;
project of the Eastern Petrochemical Complex;
creation of a modern cluster of shipyards and marine equipment for shelf development;
the development of enterprises on extraction of iron ore, gold and other minerals; successful projects in the field of agriculture. "
It is not just large-scale projects - is part of an overall approach to the region of Russia, which, in principle, can become an engine of growth for the whole country. For this there is need to create favorable conditions of life for the people - not just to stop the outflow of the population, and to make instead of the current six million in the foreseeable future there lived 10, and then 20 million people. Of course, this requires there to create a normal, modern infrastructure, update the existing city to revive old and create new production, to move people from the West to Russia (which next year the program starts on the free allocation of hectares for those wishing to engage in agriculture).
But what hurt the region to develop and integrate with the economy of neighboring countries before? A variety of factors - from the overall orientation of our Westernizing elite and the slowness and corruption of officials to a total lack of infrastructure and shortage of qualified and honest personnel.
As a result, in the 90 years of the region in general has become a field for smuggling to neighbors - from the forest to China to fish in Korea. But then, after pointing least relative order at the customs, a lot of money into the region for a long time did not go - evolved only a few infrastructure projects, and mastered single foreign investment. Everything began to change in recent years - have begun major oil and gas pipelines, he began to build the spaceport appeared State University and began embarking on shipbuilding. A conflict with the West to the East has accelerated the spread - not only geopolitical, but also economic.
In China, Japan and South Korea can be found not only financial resources and new markets, but also investments in specific projects. A underdeveloped Far East - a good place to attract foreign money, so there, and it was decided to make the first top - the territory of priority development, which should become a real free economic zones, unlike their predecessors, do not attract real investment (and sometimes only help avoiding taxes). To do this, and created a free port of Vladivostok - to close a part of export-import operations of the same China, north-eastern provinces of our port which is much more convenient than the actual Chinese.
And China itself began to climb a third of a century ago with the Pacific money - they put first Hong Kong or Singapore Chinese, then came the Japanese and Europeans. Today Primorye, as well as in the Far East as a whole, will invest not only from China or South Korea. At the same WEF dealt with, for example, about a quarter of a billion dollars, who wants to invest in the construction of a sugar factory in Khabarovsk Krai company from Thailand. The largest delegation, of course, were from China, Japan and Korea - but there were also many Singaporeans and Malaysians (a total of 26 countries were represented). Even European business - from Total to Royal Dutch Shell - without any talk of sanctions came to see and talk to.
It is clear that American pressure take into account all the companies in the world - - but just as everyone understands that the Far East - it's one of the last in the world Klondikes. Not in the sense of existing in the subsoil reserves (although it is), and on the potential growth. He is so great that those who connect to securing it in the first stage, will secure a privileged position and huge profits.
The main thing that constrains the same Japanese - political confrontation between the US and Russia, as avowed Vladivostok leaders of Japanese corporations. But while the Japanese see China not holding back nothing - and one is able to outweigh the question of the islanders. The interest which participation in investing in the Far East, in reality, of course, transcends geopolitical dependence on the US, and a ghostly hope for the return of the Kuril Islands. And it is clear that the more the Chinese will invest in the Russian Far East, the greater will be the desire of the Japanese to keep up with competitors.
Especially since the Japanese would envy, not only Chinese - there is also the South Koreans. With that, moreover, if Russia finally manage to convince their North Korean neighbors, generally can be linked directly Primorye, through North Korea. What will be crucial, not only economic but also significant geopolitical importance.
The development of the Far East is important for Russia itself - it's our huge reserve for growth. But if his transfiguration, we also will be able to attract more foreign investment, establish joint projects neighbors - this will not only will increase the power of the country, but also help in our geopolitical confrontation with the West. That, however, is looking at all of Vladivostok and west - but just the other side of the Pacific Ocean, far to the east.
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